Preventing violent extremism in Senegal: threats linked to gold mining

Gold mining in south-eastern Senegal could fuel the spread of violent extremism into West African littoral states.

As security incidents occur sporadically on both sides of the Senegal-Mali border, there is growing concern that the threat from violent extremist groups may be expanding to gold-rich south-eastern Senegal, which borders Mali. This report analyses the risks associated with gold mining in the Kédougou and Tambacounda regions of Senegal and how they could contribute to the expansion of violent extremist groups into West African littoral states.

About the authors

The research work underpinning this report was conducted collaboratively by Paulin Maurice Toupane, Adja Khadidiatou Faye, Aïssatou Kanté, Mouhamadou Kane, Moussa Ndour, Cherif Sow, Colonel (ER) Bachir Ndaw, Tabara Cissokho and Younoussa Ba. It was conducted under the supervision of General Mbaye Cissé, Director General of the Centre des hautes études de défense et de sécurité (CHEDS) and Dr. Lori-Anne Théroux-Bénoni, Director of the Regional Office for West Africa, the Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS).

Photo: © Steve Aanu/Flickr

Development partners
The research project was implemented with funding from the Governments of the Netherlands and Denmark, the United Kingdom’s Conflict, Stability and Security Fund and the Swiss Embassy in Senegal. It also received institutional support from the Presidency of the Republic of Senegal. CHEDS and the ISS are thankful to the governors of the Kédougou and Tambacounda regions, the prefect of Saraya, the defence and security forces, representatives of ministries and civil society organisations and the various interviewees for their openness and availability.

The ISS is also grateful for the support from the following ISS Partnership Forum members: the Hanns Seidel Foundation, the European Union and the governments of Denmark, Ireland, Norway, the Netherlands and Sweden.
Related content