Beyond ARCISS: New fault lines in South Sudan

This report looks at issues beyond the Agreement for the Resolution of the conflict in South Sudan.

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system that involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict, some new and others accentuated by the conflict, have emerged – badly managed decentralisation, corruption, marginalisation, ethnic rivalries and exclusionary politics, and unaddressed local grievances that have fed militias and insurgencies countrywide. These are likely to become entrenched if conflict mitigation and prevention mechanisms are not established and integrated into the Agreement for the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan. This report looks beyond the agreement to issues that will need to be tackled to conduct peacemaking in a broader and more sustainable manner.

About the authors

Paula Cristina Roque is currently finalising her PhD on wartime guerilla governance (using Angola and South Sudan as case studies) at Oxford University. She is also a founding member of the South Sudan Centre for Strategic and policy Studies in Juba. She was previously the senior analyst for Southern Africa (covering Angola and Mozambique) with the International Crisis Group, and has worked as a consultant for several organisations in South Sudan and Angola. From 2008–2010 she was the Horn of Africa senior researcher, also covering Angola, for the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria. She can be reached at: [email protected].

Dr Remember Miamingi is a South Sudanese human rights and governance expert. He is currently based at the Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, Republic of South Africa. He can be reached at: [email protected].

Development partners
This report has been made possible with funding provided by the governments of The Netherlands and Norway. The ISS is also grateful for support from the other members of the ISS Partnership Forum: the Hanns Seidel Foundation and the governments of Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Japan, Sweden and the USA.
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