African futures: key trends

This report explores Africa’s main transitions and what they mean for continental growth, human development and stability.

Africa is undergoing several major transitions, including demographic, economic, technological, urban and socio-political. These transitions are all connected, and together they will shape the future of the continent. Looking to the future, Africa’s overall story reveals a positive trend. Yet this trend is neither stable nor even. Things are getting better in some places, but not everywhere, not for everybody. The objective of this report is to frame the future of Africa in a way that does justice to the complexity of the continent and yet communicates common trends and challenges in a succinct manner.

Authors: Julia Bello-Schünemann, Jakkie Cilliers, Zachary Donnenfeld, Ciara Aucoin and Alex Porter

Picture: Lauren Parnell Marino

Development partners
This report was commissioned by the German Federal Foreign Office and was prepared by the African Futures and Innovation programme at the Pretoria offices of the ISS. The views expressed in this report do not represent the official positions of the German Federal Foreign Office.
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