Violent extremism, organised crime and local conflicts in Liptako-Gourma

Violent extremists, Malian armed groups and self defence groups are all involved in the region's illicit activities and local conflicts.

Violent extremism, organised crime and local conflicts in Liptako-Gourma
©Institute for Security Studies

This report analyses the links between violent extremism, illicit activities and local conflicts in the Liptako-Gourma region. Addressing regional instability in the long term requires empirical data that helps explain the local dynamics that fuel insecurity. This is the first of two reports, and is based on interviews conducted in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. The second report assesses the measures aimed at bringing stability to the region.

About the authors

The research for this report was conducted collaboratively by the authors – William Assanvo, Baba Dakono, Lori-Anne Théroux-Bénoni and Ibrahim Maïga – as well as by Oumarou Amadou, Youssouf Bâ and Boukary Sangaré, with support from Mahamoudou Savadogo, Cheickna Yaranangore, Assane Diallo, Moctar Tall, Ousmane Harouna Ibrahim, Oumarou Aboubacar Abdoul-Aziz, Djayouri Labiti Naloti, Nadia Adam, Aissatou Kanté, Adjiratou Diallo, Habibou Souley Bako and Bassirou Gaye.

Picture: Amelia Broodryk/ISS

Development partners
The research covered in this report was conducted with the financial support of the Human Security Division of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, the UK Conflict, Stability and Security Fund, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the ENACT project (Enhancing Africa’s response to transnational organised crime) funded by the European Union and implemented by the ISS and INTERPOL, in association with the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime. The research benefited from the institutional support of the Executive Secretariat of the Authority for the Integrated Development of the Liptako-Gourma States and the High Authority for Peacebuilding of Niger. The ISS extends its gratitude to the Ministries of Justice, as well as to the prison administration officials of Burkina, Mali and Niger for their support in conducting the interviews in the prison environment. The ISS is grateful for support from the members of the ISS Partnership Forum: the Hanns Seidel Foundation, the European Union and the governments of Canada, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the USA.
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