The sound of gunfire: the police shootings at Marikana Scene 2, 16 August 2012

This report provides the most comprehensive account yet of how and why 17 strikers died at Scene 2.

This report focuses on a part of the Marikana massacre, an incident on Thursday 16 August 2012 in which 34 striking mineworkers were killed by members of the South African Police Service. It relies on information made available in the public domain as a result of the Marikana Commission process. The report aims to deepen understanding of the events at Scene 2 and to contribute towards developing an explanation for the killings that took place there. It also builds on previous ISS research on police leadership and the Marikana massacre.


About the author

David Bruce is an independent researcher on policing, crime and criminal justice. His work focuses on the use of force by police, and police accountability. In 2016 he was appointed to the panel of experts on policing established on the recommendation of the Marikana Commission. He has a Master’s degree in management from the University of the Witwatersrand.

Picture: © Greg Marinovich/South Photos/Africa Media Online

Development partners
This report has been made possible by financial support received from the Open Society Foundation for South Africa (OSF-SA). The ISS is grateful for support from the members of the ISS Partnership Forum: the Hanns Seidel Foundation, the European Union and the governments of Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the USA.
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