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African Growth and Opportunity Act: mutually assured construction

A revamped agreement must factor in modern geopolitical and trade dynamics, and constraints facing African producers.

The African Growth and Opportunity Act of 2000 is a trade agreement between the United States (US) and Africa. The current agreement ends in 2025, necessitating discussions on renewal and changes to the structure. This report highlights the agreement’s key outcomes, challenges and opportunities. It also looks at the extent to which the agreement promotes the US agenda to the detriment of the ideological and political autonomy of African states.


About the author

Ronak Gopaldas is a political economist, ‘pracademic’, writer and speaker. His work focuses on the intersection of politics, economics and business in Africa. He is currently a Director at Signal Risk, a Research Fellow at the Centre for African Studies at NTU, and faculty at GIBS. He was previously the head of country risk at Rand Merchant Bank, where he worked for almost a decade.

Development partners
The ISS is grateful for support from the members of the ISS Partnership Forum: the Hanns Seidel Foundation, the European Union, the Open Society Foundations and the governments of Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden.
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