Imagine a scenario where unauthorised persons are able to freely acquire or use weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or the materials required to produce them. Preventing nuclear, chemical and biological weapons from spreading is a major security and developmental issue for Africa and for IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) states, given the dramatic consequences if such weapons were to be used.
Specific measures for states to combat and curb such weapons are set out in United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 and other mechanisms – including the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention.
On 14 and 15 September, the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) hosted a closed workshop for states on this issue, in partnership with the IGAD Secretariat and the African Union (AU) Commission.
The opening remarks and first session of the workshop were open to the public and members of the media and were faciliated by Nicolas Kasprzyk, an ISS consultant. Opening remarks were made by:
The workshop promoted and raised awareness of the relevant international instruments and shared effective practices. Chairs and speakers represented a broad range of states and organisations:
Some of the interconnected challenges highlighted during discussions include:
African states are making steady progress to overcome these challenges. This is reflected in the steps taken by relevant stakeholders, including:
Workshop participants agreed that better cooperation between states, international organisations, the private sector, civil society and academia is needed to address emerging transnational security threats related to CBRN issues. There is also a need to enhance capacity building in the sub-region.
As a result of discussions of the workshop, the IGAD Secretariat announced that it would report to the 1540 Committee on activities related to resolution 1540 and other non-proliferation instruments in the near future.
Click here to download the Workshop Agenda