CHAPTER 4 The African Union Mission in Burundi


The African Union Mission in Burundi

Monograph No 125, August 2006


A Technical Analysis of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration
A Case Study from Burundi


Henri Boshoff and Waldemar Vrey


Establishment of AMIB


AMIB was established with a desired outcome of facilitating "the implementation of the Ceasefire Agreements" and creating a stable "defence and security situation in Burundi" that is "well-managed by newly created national defence and security structures."
Pursuant to this aim, the main objectives of the deployment of AMIB were to:

The following dates are pertinent to the stages leading up to the granting of the mandate of the African Mission in Burundi:

AMIB`s mandate consisted of the following tasks:

Regarding composition and size, AMIB was an integrated mission comprising both a civilian component and military contingents from South Africa, Ethiopia and Mozambique, and AU observers. Ambassador Mamadou Bah, the AMIB`s Head of Mission (HoM) and the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the AU Commission, was assisted by three deputies, from South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda. The Force Commander of AMIB`s military component was Major General Sipho Binda from South Africa. Altogether, AMIB had a total approved strength of up to some 3,335.
After being guaranteed its mandate on 2 April 2003, AMIB`s deployment progressed in the following timeline:

The deployment of the main bodies of the Ethiopian and Mozambican contingents, which started on 27 September 2003, was completed by 7 October 2003. Until this deployment, the AMIB had been predominantly composed of 1,550 South African troops, in addition to 43 observer members from Burkina Faso, Gabon, Mali, Togo and Tunisia.

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